Fear of visiting the dentist affects up to a nearly a quarter of people worldwide. It’s very likely that some of the patients you see every day are experiencing anxiety while they’re in your office. Here are four things you can do to help patients who are feeling afraid or stressed during visits.
When it comes to anxiety and fear, the difference is a matter of degree. Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure, according to the American Psychological Association. But phobia is a persistent, excessive, unrealistic fear of an object, person, animal, activity or situation. A patient that feels nervous about the prospect of needing fillings but is able to undergo the procedure has anxiety. In contrast, a patient that is so afraid of needing fillings that they won’t even go to the dentist’s office has phobia.
There are many reasons why patients might experience anxiety at the thought of going to the dentist. If they haven’t been in a while, they may be afraid of learning about potential problems they may have developed, like cavities or gum disease, or worried that they will be judged for their lax behavior, like not brushing, flossing or visiting the dentist more regularly. They may be concerned about the potential costs if they require extensive treatment.
You can help address some of the causes of mild anxiety by providing a supportive environment, not scolding patients for sub-optimum at-home care or offering flexible payment options for high-cost procedures. Patients with dental phobias, however, may require more in order to feel comfortable.
When treating a patient who has dental phobias, it’s important not to take their fear personally. The stress and fear that they feel isn’t being caused by you, but by an underlying issue. Dental phobias can have many causes, such as:
Patients who are experiencing high levels of fear or anxiety may exhibit the following signs:
By being able to identify the signs of fear, you can help patients who may not openly express any emotional or physical discomfort they’re feeling.
Communication is essential when it comes to working with patients to help them overcome their dental anxiety. You can ask open-ended questions like “How are you doing?” to determine the severity of the fear and anxiety they’re currently experiencing. There are even standardized questionnaires such as Corah’s Dental Anxiety Scale (PDF) and the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (PDF) that you can share with patients at the beginning of their visits to help identify the specific issues they might be feeling anxious about.
Once you know what patients are specifically afraid of, work with them to alleviate their fears.
Despite your best efforts, some patients may simply experience greater fear and anxiety than you can help them cope with. Sedation may help them to deal with pressing dental needs, but professional therapy may be necessary for them to overcome their fears of visiting the dentist. Patients may even prefer to see a therapist, as a study of dental patients with severe anxiety and fear, found that those patients reported feeling more comfortable with behavioral therapy than sedation.
For patients who want professional help overcoming their fear of dentistry, it may be helpful to develop relationships with psychologists and therapists near your office that you can recommend to patients. If you don’t know any, you can also refer patients to professional organizations like the American Psychological Association.